WHAT IS LNG?
Liquefied Natural Gas, or LNG, is natural gas (CH4) in its liquid state.
Natural gas is liquefied so that it can be more efficiently transported over long distances in specially designed LNG ships. Once super-cooled to -260ºF, natural gas condenses by a factor of ~600x.
LNG is an odorless, non-flammable, non-toxic liquid that has been safely and securely shipped around the world for over 60 years.
What is LNG?
LNG is liquefied natural gas (methane) that has been cooled to an extremely cold temperature (-260° F/ -162.2° C). At standard atmospheric conditions, methane is a vapor, not to be confused with gasoline, which is a liquid.
How is LNG shipped?
Specially designed ships are used to transport LNG to U.S. terminals. They have double hulls and are constructed of specialized materials that are capable of safely storing LNG at temperatures of -260° F/ -162.2° C.
How are U.S. LNG facilities permitted?
U.S. LNG export projects undergo a rigorous, multiyear review and permitting process overseen by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies, ensuring safe, responsible and environmentally sound economic development.
LNG and natural gas have significant environmental benefits over other forms of energy, particularly in comparison to coal or oil.
- When LNG is vaporized and used as fuel, it reduces particulate emissions to near zero and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 70 percent in comparison with other, heavier hydrocarbon fuels
- When burned for power generation, the results are even more pronounced: sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions are virtually eliminated and CO2 emissions are reduced significantly
Rio Grande LNG is being designed to meet or exceed all environmental requirements, which include strict regulations governing impacts to air, land, and water, as well as required mitigation activities to offset any unavoidable impacts. The regulatory process and ongoing oversight ensure these standards are met and maintained in accordance with the law.
Safety is the single most important consideration at every stage of development; from engineering and design through construction and operations, safety is a top priority.
Currently in the rigorous U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) review process, Rio Grande LNG is utilizing proven technology and is being designed to meet or exceed all safety requirements and regulations.
LNG has a strong track record of safety, particularly in comparison to other common fuel types, and has been safely shipped around the world for more than 60 years.
Construction and operation of Rio Grande LNG would provide major economic boosts to the Rio Grande Valley communities and throughout the State of Texas.
Rio Grande LNG is projected to create employment opportunities of over 400,000+ person-years (5,000 workers on site). Once in operation, the project is expected to create over 4,900 permanent U.S. jobs
Rio Grande LNG is committed to being a good neighbor. Since day one, Rio Grande LNG has prioritized local labor and local businesses in order to maximize its positive impact. Rio Grande LNG also hopes to create significant environmental benefits through mitigation and other activities. For these reasons, we are working with local educational, training, business and environmental organizations to fulfill these commitments.